CYP81A68 confers metabolic resistance to ALS and ACCase-inhibiting herbicides and its epigenetic regulation in Echinochloa crus-galli

Long-term and excessive herbicide use has led to some environmental concerns and especially, herbicide resistance evolution in weeds. Here, researchers confirmed acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibiting herbicide penoxsulam resistance and cross-resistance to acetyl-coenzyme carboxylase (ACCase) inhibiting herbicides (cyhalofop-butyl and metamifop) in a global weed Echinochloa crus-galli population resistant to these herbicides (R).