Long-term and excessive herbicide use has led to some environmental concerns and especially, herbicide resistance evolution in weeds. Here, researchers confirmed acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibiting herbicide penoxsulam resistance and cross-resistance to acetyl-coenzyme carboxylase (ACCase) inhibiting herbicides (cyhalofop-butyl and metamifop) in a global weed Echinochloa crus-galli population resistant to these herbicides (R).
AHRI researchers have show in this report that a single P450 gene in a cross-pollinated weed species L. rigidum confers resistance to herbicides of at least five modes of action across seven herbicide chemistries.
Lolium rigidum is an obligately cross-pollinated, genetically diverse species and an economically important herbicide resistance-prone weed. Our previous work has demonstrated that recurrent selection of initially susceptible L. rigidum populations with low herbicide rates results in rapid herbicide resistance evolution.
The auxinic herbicide 2,4-D amine is known, in vitro, as a cytochrome P450 inducer. The current study uses 2,4-D pre-treatment, at the whole plant level, to study mechanism(s) of non-target site based herbicide resistance to the ACCase-inhibiting herbicide diclofop-methyl in Lolium rigidum.
Modern herbicides make major contributions to global food production by easily removing weeds and substituting for destructive soil cultivation. However, persistent herbicide selection of huge weed numbers across vast areas can result in the rapid evolution of herbicide resistance.